Religious Heritage

Churches, chapels and convents
Holy Week

As in other Andalusian cities, the urban development of Alcalá de Guadaíra since the late Middle Ages is closely related to the appearance of various ecclesiastical buildings: churches, hermitages and convents.

Some of them have disappeared over the centuries, while others remain as examples of monumental architecture and wealth of movable property. The primitive parish churches of Alcalá are from the Mudejar period, dating in most cases from the 14th century. We highlight the churches of Nuestra Señora del Águila, Santiago and San Sebastián.

The hermitage of San Roque, next to the Guadaíra River, is witness every year of the Via Crucis of Holy Week.

The last series of ecclesiastical buildings are the convents, among which we can find the Convent of Santa Claraon Nuestra Señora del Águila Street. This was not the case with the Convent of San Francisco, which disappeared in the last century under a contemporary building. And the case of the Convent of San Juan de Dios, current seat of the City Council of Alcalá and whose cloister paintings were recovered a few years ago, is singular.

Holy Week

The Holy Week of Alcalá de Guadaíra is one of the richest and most representative of the province of Seville.

On Good Friday, the Judea, the madrugá with the “Hermandad de Jesús Nazareno” and the ascent to Calvario in the Ermita de San Roque stand out.

Undoubtedly, an extensive and valuable Holy Week in the province of Seville, being declared of Tourist Interest of Andalusia.

Churches

Santa Maria del Aguila

There is a tradition of supposing the pre-existence of a mosque in the same location, although this fact has not been confirmed.

The church building has a characteristic design of the group of parish churches of the Sevillian Mudejar style of the 13th-14th centuries. It has three naves, of which the central one stands out, with an elongated chevet with buttresses on the outside and a projecting doorway with a pointed arch. At the head of the south nave there is an interesting fresco representing St. James and St. Matthew, patron saint of the town, a Gothic work that could be dated between the XVII and XVIII centuries. XIV and XV. Equally unique are the location of the bell tower, free of the building, and the fleur-de-lis carved on the chancel of the church.

Between the 18th and 19th centuries, the building underwent an intense renovation, a period to which the neoclassical southern façade would belong. After the coup d’état of 1936 and the subsequent people’s response, the church was set on fire, losing all its roofs, and giving rise to a new restoration carried out in the 1940s by the architect Félix Hernández, who also intervened on the tower, giving it its current “Mudejar” appearance.

The church houses the image of Santa María del Águila, patron saint of the city and object of a singular procession every August 15.

Santiago Church

The neighborhood of Santiago is one of the first growths outside the walls of Alcalá de Guadaíra, when the population of Santa María and San Miguel began to descend from the Cerro del Castillo.
The construction of the church of this new suburb would begin at the beginning of the 16th century under the direction of Alonso Rodríguez, master builder of the Cathedral of Seville.

The building is composed of three naves, with different moments in the currently visible construction. The original 16th century church seems to be preserved in the chevet area of the naves, covered with ribbed vaults. The central bodies, with half-barrel vaults, were already from the Baroque period (17th century), although the building underwent an important transformation after the Lisbon earthquake of 1755, and was remodeled on several occasions during the second half of the 18th century.

After the coup d’état of 1936 and the subsequent people’s response, the church was set on fire, destroying part of the naves, which were restored in the following years by the architect Juan Talavera.

Currently, the church houses in its interior several altarpieces and images dated between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. As a curious detail, in its southwest corner (Sánchez Perrier street) there is a Corinthian style capital of unknown origin.

San Sebastian Church

The original church building has been greatly transformed by various interventions.

The oldest information dates back to the end of the 15th century, and corresponds to the current preserved layout, with three naves in the late Mudejar style. Several works are documented between the 18th and 19th centuries, in relation to the state of ruin of the building, among other reasons due to the Lisbon earthquake of 1755.

After the coup d’état of 1936 and the subsequent people’s response, the church was set on fire, losing the roofs, which were later restored. In its interior are preserved various liturgical objects and images of interest.

San Roque Chapel

It is located in the
Cerro del Calvario
to the south of the city, next to the Guadaíra River. It is part of an ancient penitential route (via sacra or via crucis), to which some small temples on the hillside still bear witness.

The building currently has a single nave, although originally it must have had a transept. The initial work seems to date from the 16th century, although an almost complete reconstruction took place at the end of the 19th century. The landscape surroundings of the hermitage stand out, with the Guadaíra riverbank, the views of the urban center and the nearby Oromana pine forest.

Santa Clara Convent

The convent of Santa Clara de Alcalá de Guadaíra was founded in 1597 and is run by the Order of the Poor Sisters of Santa Clara, popularly known as the Poor Clares.

The convent became very popular in 1737, when the procession of Sister Maria de Jesus took place.

The nuns of the convent make homemade sweets, elaborated on site. They are famous for their “suspiros”, “corazones” and “bocaditos”.

Other resources that may interest you

Tourist Office

Harinera del Guadaíra

Avda. Tren de los Panaderos, s/n
Alcalá de Guadaíra 41500
Seville

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