The Gandul site

The Gandul

It is located on the outskirts of the city and is considered, together with the castle and the fortified enclosure, one of the most interesting elements of the historical heritage of the city.

El Gandul is composed of the following elements:

  • Marchenilla Castle,
  • Gandul Palace
  • the Necropolis.

The uninhabited village of Gandul preserves a Mudejar hermitage, a Mudejar palace, a dozen houses, and a tower from the Middle Ages.

The Mesa de Gandul presents a superposition of cities from different periods. It is formed by an accumulation of remains and superimposed constructions of walls probably from the Final Bronze Age. There are abundant Chalcolithic, Tartessian and Iberian remains.

Excavations have demonstrated the continuous occupation of the settlement from the Chalcolithic to the Roman world. It began to be populated at the end of the 3rd millennium B.C., locating remains of dwellings with a stone base arranged around a hearth, ceramic remains and stone mills and Chalcolithic idols with big eyes similar to the one found in the “tholos” of Las Canteras.

The Roman city is superimposed on the Iberian and Chalcolithic settlement extending over the entire table and remains largely unstudied. It presents a crown of villas of agricultural exploitation of great entity that were occupied from the time of Augustus until the s. IV.

Currently, the Gandul table is fenced as a private hunting reserve on private property along the entire edge of the road of the old railroad track, the megaliths are, for the most part, on military land, forming part of a maneuvering field for heavy vehicles of the nearby facilities of “Las Canteras”.

Marchenilla Castle

 

It is a work of the 14th century. Remains of Roman constructions have been found in this place, indicating the existence of population for centuries. At present, the castle is made up of architectural achievements of various periods. The Torre del Homenaje is in itself an interesting monument.

It is one of the best preserved castles in the province.

It is privately owned and can be visited by prior reservation on Saturdays of each month, through the mail visitacastillodemarchenilla@gmail.com.

 

El Gandul Palace

It is private property, belonging to the Marquisate of Gandul. At present, cultural activities are carried out on an ad hoc basis.

The Necropolis

It is a classic example of a village and megalithic tombs characteristic of the Chalcolithic period. This megalithic site has been declared a National Monument.
The burials are made on the slope of the calcarenite hill that can be seen from the village.