Alcalá and
painting

The school of landscape painting

The foundations of the Alcalá’s landscape school are carved, to a great extent, by the travelers and artists who have passed through the town since the beginning of the 19th century.

As happened in other parts of Andalusia, Alcalá de Guadaíra became a magnet for history, heritage and picturesque corners.

These travelers were usually diplomats, politicians, writers, painters, or simply wealthy members of the European aristocracy or gentry, who inaugurated a new concept around that time: the “tour” or leisure tour.

Gallery of works

Permanent exhibition

The Museum of Alcalá de Guadaíra exhibits the main works of landscape painting from the Municipal Painting Collection, organized in four rooms.

Room 1. Romanticism

Alcalá de Guadaíra became in the 19th century a pole of attraction for those in love with history, heritage and picturesque corners. We could say that they were the first tourists, who traveled for the mere fact of contemplating different and exotic places.

In the exhibited works one can see singular landscapes of monumental elements in open spaces, in which groups of people dressed “Andalusian style” give the characteristic picturesque touch of a good part of these works.

Rooms 2 and 3. Naturalism

These rooms include works from the “naturalist” period, which began at the end of the 19th century and is characterized by a new look at the landscape, with traditional perspectives, exploring new framing and color palettes, adding social touches through the presence of peasants, fishermen or millers.

At the beginning of the 20th century, naturalism experienced an important boom in the field of Sevillian landscape painting, thanks mainly to its presence in exhibitions and competitions, both national and international.

Room 4. The avant-garde

This name refers to the impact of the new artistic movements of the first decades of the twentieth century in the field of Sevillian landscaping. Naturalism gave way to a combination of new techniques, such as impressionism, which linked the Sevillian school with the trends of other European capitals of the time.